How to Create a Simple Text-to-Image Model with CNN Skip to main content

How to Create a Simple Text-to-Image Model with CNN

 Text-to-image models are a type of machine learning model that takes an input natural language description and produces an image matching that description. These models have made great strides in recent years, as evidenced by models like GLIDE, DALL-E 2, Imagen, and more. The most effective models generally combine a language model, which transforms the input text into a latent representation, and a generative image model, which produces an image conditioned on that representation.
One such model is Imagen, which was released by Google in 2022. Imagen takes in a textual prompt and outputs an image that reflects the semantic information contained within the prompt. To generate an image, Imagen first uses a text encoder to generate a representative encoding of the prompt. This encoding is then used to condition the generative image model, which produces an image that matches the input prompt.
The most effective text-to-image models are trained on massive amounts of image and text data scraped from the web. During training, the model learns to associate textual descriptions with visual features, allowing it to generate images that match the input text description.
Recently, text-to-image models have advanced to the point where artists are protesting by putting pictures with calls to ban AI in stock images, and recently even a lawsuit was filed. These models have become so advanced that they can generate photorealistic images from textual descriptions, which has raised concerns about the potential misuse of this technology.

How do Diffusion Text-to-Image Models Work

Diffusion models are a type of generative model that have recently gained popularity in the field of text-to-image generation. These models are based on the concept of diffusion, which is a process that involves adding noise to an image and then gradually removing the noise to reveal the underlying structure of the image.
In the context of text-to-image generation, diffusion models work by first encoding the input text into a latent representation using a text encoder. This latent representation is then used to condition the diffusion process, which involves adding noise to an initial image and then gradually removing the noise to generate a final image that matches the input text description.
The diffusion process is typically implemented using a series of diffusion steps, where each step involves adding noise to the image and then removing the noise using a diffusion operator. The diffusion operator is a function that maps the current state of the image to a new state by removing some of the noise. The diffusion process is repeated for a fixed number of steps, with the final image being the result of the last diffusion step.

What Makes Them Good!

One of the advantages of diffusion models is that they can generate high-quality images with a high degree of control over the image style and content. They are also capable of generating images with a wide range of resolutions and aspect ratios.
However, diffusion models can be computationally expensive to train and require large amounts of data to achieve good performance. They also require careful tuning of the diffusion operator and other hyperparameters to achieve the best results.
At last, diffusion models are a powerful tool for text-to-image generation that can generate high-quality images with a high degree of control over the image style and content. However, they require careful tuning and can be computationally expensive to train.

How to Build a Text-to-Image Model with CNN

In this post, we will be building a simple Text-to-Image model with CNN. our model will consist of an encoder and decoder and both are CNNs. To build such model from scratch, these steps should be followed:  
  • Install the required libraries such as PyTorch, torchvision, and Pillow.
  • Prepare your dataset of text and corresponding images.
  • Preprocess the text data by tokenizing and encoding it.
  • Define the architecture of the model, which typically consists of an encoder that encodes the text input and a decoder that generates the corresponding image output.
  • Train the model on your dataset using a suitable loss function and optimizer.
  • Evaluate the performance of the model on a test set.
Here is an example code snippet that demonstrates how to define the architecture of a CNN based text-to-image model:
import torch
import torch.nn as nn

class TextToImageModel(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        super(TextToImageModel, self).__init__()
        # Define the encoder
        self.encoder = nn.Sequential(
            nn.Linear(input_size, hidden_size),
            nn.ReLU(),
            nn.Linear(hidden_size, latent_size),
            nn.ReLU()
        )
        # Define the decoder
        self.decoder = nn.Sequential(
            nn.Linear(latent_size, hidden_size),
            nn.ReLU(),
            nn.Linear(hidden_size, output_size),
            nn.Tanh()
        )

    def forward(self, x):
        # Encode the input text
        z = self.encoder(x)
        # Decode the latent representation
        out = self.decoder(z)
        return out
In this example, the model consists of an encoder that encodes the input text and a decoder that generates the corresponding image output. The encoder and decoder are implemented as fully connected neural networks with ReLU activation functions. The output of the decoder is normalized using the hyperbolic tangent function.

Train the Text-to-Image Model

import torch
import torch.nn as nn
import torch.optim as optim
from torchvision import transforms
from torch.utils.data import DataLoader
from PIL import Image
from dataset import TextImageDataset
from model import TextToImageModel

# Define the hyperparameters
batch_size = 32
num_epochs = 10
learning_rate = 0.001

# Prepare the dataset
transform = transforms.Compose([
    transforms.Resize((64, 64)),
    transforms.ToTensor(),
    transforms.Normalize((0.5,), (0.5,))
])
dataset = TextImageDataset('data/', transform=transform)
dataloader = DataLoader(dataset, batch_size=batch_size, shuffle=True)

# Define the model
model = TextToImageModel()
criterion = nn.MSELoss()
optimizer = optim.Adam(model.parameters(), lr=learning_rate)

# Train the model
for epoch in range(num_epochs):
    for i, (text, image) in enumerate(dataloader):
        optimizer.zero_grad()
        output = model(text)
        loss = criterion(output, image)
        loss.backward()
        optimizer.step()

        if (i+1) % 100 == 0:
            print(f'Epoch [{epoch+1}/{num_epochs}], Step [{i+1}/{len(dataloader)}], Loss: {loss.item():.4f}')

# Save the model
torch.save(model.state_dict(), 'model.pth')

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