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Showing posts from August 26, 2023

Introduction to QLoRA

QLoRA is an efficient finetuning approach that reduces memory usage enough to finetune a 65B parameter model on a single 48GB GPU while preserving full 16-bit finetuning task performance . It backpropagates gradients through a frozen, 4-bit quantized pre-trained language model into Low-Rank Adapters (LoRA) .  LoRA is the predecessor of QLoRA. It is a low-rank adapter-based approach for efficient finetuning of large language models. LoRA uses a low-rank adapter matrix to project the high-dimensional output of a pre-trained language model to a lower-dimensional space, which is then used as input to a task-specific layer. The authors show that LoRA can be used to finetune large language models with up to 1.3B parameters on a single GPU with minimal loss in performance. QLoRA builds on LoRA and introduces several innovations to further reduce memory usage and improve performance. QLoRA introduces a number of innovations to save memory without sacrificing performance: (a) 4-bit NormalFloat

Introduction to Large Language Models

  In the realm of artificial intelligence, large language models have emerged as a groundbreaking technology that has transformed the way we interact with computers and machines. These models, driven by sophisticated architectures like Transformers, have revolutionized natural language processing tasks, enabling machines to understand, generate, and manipulate human language in unprecedented ways. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the architecture, history, state-of-the-art models, applications, and implementation aspects of large language models, with a special focus on the technical features of Transformers-based architectures. Understanding Large Language Models Large language models, often referred to as LLMs, are advanced machine learning models that excel in understanding, generating, and processing human language. These models are designed to handle the complexities of language, including semantics, syntax, context, and even nuances. By training on vast amounts of

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